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path.hpp

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/*********************************************************************/
// dar - disk archive - a backup/restoration program
// Copyright (C) 2002-2052 Denis Corbin
//
// This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
// as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
// of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
// Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
//
// to contact the author : dar.linux@free.fr
/*********************************************************************/
// $Id: path.hpp,v 1.8 2004/11/07 18:21:38 edrusb Rel $
//
/*********************************************************************/

    /// \file path.hpp
    /// \brief here is the definition of the path class
    ///
    /// the path class handle path and provide several operation on them

#ifndef PATH_HPP
#define PATH_HPP

#include "../my_config.h"
#include <list>
#include <string>
#include "erreurs.hpp"

namespace libdar
{

      /// the class path is here to manipulate paths in the Unix notation: using'/'

      /// several operations are provided as well as convertion functions
      /// \ingroup API

00046     class path
    {
    public :
          /// constructor from a string

          //! This realizes the string to path convertion function
          //! \note empty string is not a valid string (exception thrown)
        path(std::string s);

          /// constructor from a char *

          //! this realizes the char * to path convertion function
          //! \note empty string is not a valid string (exception thrown)
00059         path(const char *s) { *this = path(std::string(s)); };

          /// copy constructor
        path(const path & ref);

          /// assignment operator
        path & operator = (const path & ref);

          /// comparison operator
        bool operator == (const path & ref) const;

          /// get the basename of a path

          /// this function returns the basename that's it the right most member of a path
      std::string basename() const;

          /// reset the read_subdir operation

          /// reset for read_subdir. next call to read_subdir is the most global
00078         void reset_read() { reading = dirs.begin(); };

          /// sequentially read the elements that compose the path

          /// \param[out] r the next element of the path
          /// \return true if a next element could be read
          /// \note the reading starts at the root and ends with the basename of the path
        bool read_subdir(std::string & r);

          /// whether the path is relative or absolute (= start with a /)
00088         bool is_relative() const { return relative; };

          /// remove and gives in argument the basename of the path

          /// \param[out] arg the basename of the path
          /// \return false if the operation was not possible (no sub-directory to pop)
          /// \note if the path is absolute the remaing value is '/' when no pop is anymore possible
          /// while it is the first component of the original path if the path was relative.
          /// a empty path is not a valide value
        bool pop(std::string & arg);

          /// remove and gives in argument the outer most member of the path

          /// \param[out] arg the value of the outer element of the path
          /// \return true if the pop_front operation was possible and arg could be set.
          /// \note removes and returns the first directory of the path,
            /// when just the basename is present returns false, if the path is absolute,
            /// the first call change it to relative (except if equal to "/" then return false)
        bool pop_front(std::string & arg);

          /// add a path to the current path. The added path *must* be a relative path

          /// \param[in] arg the relative path to add
          /// \return the resulting path, (the current object is not modified, where from the "const" qualifier)
          /// \note arg can be a string also, which is converted to a path on the fly
00113         path operator + (const path & arg) const { path tmp = *this; tmp += arg; return tmp; };


          /// add a path to the current path. The added path *must* be a relative path

          /// \param[in] arg the relative path to add
          /// \return the value of the current (modified) object: "*this".
        path & operator += (const path & arg);

          /// test whether the current object is a subdir of the method's argument

          /// \param[in] p the path to test with
          /// \param[in] case_sensit whether the test must be in case sensitive manner or not
        bool is_subdir_of(const path & p, bool case_sensit) const;

          /// convert back a path to a string

          /// the returned string is the representation of the current object in Unix notation
        std::string display() const;

          /// \brief returns the number of member in the path
          ///
          /// \note a absolute path counts one more that its relative brother
00136         unsigned int degre() const { return dirs.size() + (relative ? 0 : 1); };

    private :
        std::list<std::string>::iterator reading;
        std::list<std::string> dirs;
        bool relative;

        void reduce();
    };

} // end of namespace

#endif

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